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I originally posted this in this thred (HERE ) but thought that some that might be interested would miss it buried in another thread...
Many have stopped by their local Radio Shack store and noticed the famous LM317T adjustable voltage regulator and lots of 7805s, but, probably did not realize that all voltage regulators are actually adjustable. Any IC voltage regulator can be adjusted to a higher voltage than its fixed voltage (not exceeding its supply voltage) by just adding a couple of resistors to the circuit.
As an example, the 7805 (5 volt) voltage regulator can be usedas a 7 volt regulator for the Wing. In the Figure 1 below,assume 470 for R1 which means that a constant current of 10.6 mA will be seen between terminals 2 and 3. This constant current plus a regulator standby current of about 2.5mA will flow through R2 to ground regardless of its value. Because of this constant 13.1 mA, R2 can now be set to a value which will give us a constant2 volts across this resistor. A resistor value of 152 ohms or 150 (standard value) will give us the necessary 7 volts (actual about 6.97), With 5 volts across R1 and 2 volts across R2, a total regulated value of about 7 volts will appear across terminal 2 and ground. If a variable resistor is used for R2, then the output voltage can be easily fine tuned to any value greater than 5 volts up to nearly the supply voltage. The regulator standby current will vary slightly in the 7805 but 2.5mA will yield good results in the calculations. If an exact voltage is needed then R2 must be a variable resistor.
To make any fixed regulator adjustable, use the following formula:
V[suB]out[/suB] = V[suB]fixed[/suB] + R2(V[suB]fixed[/suB]/R1 + I[suB]stndby[/suB])
V[suB]out[/suB] = Desired output voltage
V[suB]fixed[/suB] = Fixed voltage of IC regulator (5 volts for 7805 or 1.25 volts for LM317T)
R1 = Assume any value from about 470 to 1K for best results
I[suB]stndby[/suB] = Standby current of regulator (use 2.5MA for 7805 or zero for LM317T)
Common Resistor Combinations for the 7805 regulator:
V[suB]out[/suB] R1 R2
6 Volts 470 100
7 volts 470 150
8 Volts 470 220
9 Volts 470 330
12 Volt 470 510
The famous LM317T adjustable regulator is really nothing more than a fixed regulator with an output voltage of 1.25 volts. Builders seldom need voltages below 5 volts so the 7805 regulator is a good choice and it even costs a little bit less than the LM317T and is almost always available.
I originally posted this in this thred (HERE ) but thought that some that might be interested would miss it buried in another thread...
Many have stopped by their local Radio Shack store and noticed the famous LM317T adjustable voltage regulator and lots of 7805s, but, probably did not realize that all voltage regulators are actually adjustable. Any IC voltage regulator can be adjusted to a higher voltage than its fixed voltage (not exceeding its supply voltage) by just adding a couple of resistors to the circuit.
As an example, the 7805 (5 volt) voltage regulator can be usedas a 7 volt regulator for the Wing. In the Figure 1 below,assume 470 for R1 which means that a constant current of 10.6 mA will be seen between terminals 2 and 3. This constant current plus a regulator standby current of about 2.5mA will flow through R2 to ground regardless of its value. Because of this constant 13.1 mA, R2 can now be set to a value which will give us a constant2 volts across this resistor. A resistor value of 152 ohms or 150 (standard value) will give us the necessary 7 volts (actual about 6.97), With 5 volts across R1 and 2 volts across R2, a total regulated value of about 7 volts will appear across terminal 2 and ground. If a variable resistor is used for R2, then the output voltage can be easily fine tuned to any value greater than 5 volts up to nearly the supply voltage. The regulator standby current will vary slightly in the 7805 but 2.5mA will yield good results in the calculations. If an exact voltage is needed then R2 must be a variable resistor.
To make any fixed regulator adjustable, use the following formula:
V[suB]out[/suB] = V[suB]fixed[/suB] + R2(V[suB]fixed[/suB]/R1 + I[suB]stndby[/suB])
V[suB]out[/suB] = Desired output voltage
V[suB]fixed[/suB] = Fixed voltage of IC regulator (5 volts for 7805 or 1.25 volts for LM317T)
R1 = Assume any value from about 470 to 1K for best results
I[suB]stndby[/suB] = Standby current of regulator (use 2.5MA for 7805 or zero for LM317T)
Common Resistor Combinations for the 7805 regulator:
V[suB]out[/suB] R1 R2
6 Volts 470 100
7 volts 470 150
8 Volts 470 220
9 Volts 470 330
12 Volt 470 510
The famous LM317T adjustable regulator is really nothing more than a fixed regulator with an output voltage of 1.25 volts. Builders seldom need voltages below 5 volts so the 7805 regulator is a good choice and it even costs a little bit less than the LM317T and is almost always available.
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